Switzerland Travel Guide: About the Climate of Switzerland.
The country’s varied terrain accounts for the differences in temperatures around Switzerland. Generally, there is no humidity in Switzerland, only cool comfortable weather most of the year. Because of the country’s proximity to the Atlantic Ocean, its weather over on the northern portion is influenced by it. This results in more precipitation for the region. At the same time, the Alps act as a climate barrier, protecting the country’s Southern portion from harsh weather. It is also affected by the Mediterranean Sea therefore the climate is generally milder than the northern region. The Alps also provide Switzerland with its clear blue skies. In the countryside, it is typical that the temperature drops by one Centigrade for every 200 meters that you go up in elevation. This means that the higher you go up, the colder it gets. Due to its mountainous terrain, Switzerland is one country where you can experience varying climatic conditions from one point to the next, clear blue skies and warm temperature then getting cloudy skies and cold temperature in a few minutes.
The northern and eastern regions of Switzerland have moderate weather. The cities of Basel, Lucerne and Zurich usually have warm summers with temperatures not exceeding 30 to 35 degrees C or about 95 degrees F. In the wintertime, the same areas can have temperatures that can drop to as low as -23 degrees C or -9 degrees F. On average, the northern regions can be a cold 1 degree C or 34 degrees F. Over on the eastern parts of Switzerland, the temperatures can drop significantly, resulting in lots of snow that may entail having to close some roads due to its impassability.
On the western side of Switzerland where Geneva, Neuchâtel, Bern, Lausanne and Fribourg are located, the temperatures are also moderate. During the summer, it’s still a comfortable 30 degrees C, while during the winter it gets no colder that about 5 degrees C. Geneva usually enjoys a mild 25 degrees C during the summer.
The southern portion where Ticino and Lake Lugano are located, the average temperature is just above 26 degrees Celcius or about 78 degrees Fahrenheit. The canton also enjoys sunny weather about 298 days a year. You can even see palm trees around the lake due to its temperate climate.
Travelers to Switzerland need to assess what they want to do in the country to best determine the time of year to visit. For those looking to have some fun in the snow, the winter season is the most popular time to go. It’s necessary to dress in layers and appropriate winter wear such as a coat, scarf and hat and the proper footwear to protect against the cold climate.
Those looking for warmer climates to enjoy sightseeing and touring should best go during the spring and summer. During this time, it’s best to pack a sweater and bring a light jacket as well as a small umbrella.
When traveling, it’s a good idea to know the exact region or city where you are headed so you can be prepared for the climate in Switzerland and the temperature in Switzerland. This will give you an idea what to pack and what activities you can enjoy.
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